Degradation Mechanisms of Curaua, Hemp, and Sisal Fibers Exposed to Elevated Temperatures

Felipe Pinheiro Teixeira, Otavio da Fonseca Martins Gomes, Flavio de Andrade Silva

Abstract


The influence of elevated temperatures on mechanical behavior was studied for curaua, hemp, and sisal natural fibers. Tensile tests were performed on fibers heated at 100 °C, 150 °C, and 200 °C for 24 h, and reference samples were maintained without thermal treatment for comparisons. The cross sectional area of the fibers was measured using a scanning electron microscope (SEM), and the image analysis was performed using the open source software Fiji/ImageJ. These data allowed the computation of the tensile stresses and the correlation of the fiber morphology with its macro-mechanical behavior. The thermal degradation behavior of the natural fibers was measured via thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The morphological and mechanical characteristics were described and discussed on a microstructural basis. The results showed that the loss of moisture leads to a significant increase in tensile strength before reaching the limits of the degradation range.

Keywords


Natural fibers; Elevated temperatures; Morphology; Mechanical behavior

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