Effect of Alkaline Peroxide Treatment on the Chemical Compositions and Characteristics of Lignocellulosic Nanofibrils

Pureun-Narae Seo, Song-Yi Han, Chan-Woo Park, Sun-Young Lee, Nam-Hun Kim, Seung-Hwan Lee

Abstract


Effects of alkaline peroxide (AP) treatment on chemical compositions and characteristics of lignocellulosic nanofibrils (LCNFs) were investigated. The AP treatment was conducted on a wood powder (Liriodendron tulipifera) at 80 °C for 1 or 5 h with different hydrogen peroxide concentrations (0.2 to 12 wt%) to selectively remove hemicelluloses and lignin. The treated wood powder was then defibrillated using wet-disk milling (WDM). The hemicelluloses and lignin in the LCNFs were successfully reduced to the ranges of 6.0% to 23.6% and 13.0% to 30.0%, respectively, depending upon the AP treatment conditions. The defibrillation efficiency improved as the hemicelluloses and lignin were removed, which reduced the LCNF dimensions. The filtration time increased with decreasing lignin and hemicellulose contents. The cellulose crystallinity and surface area of the LCNFs increased with decreasing lignin and hemicellulose contents. The tensile strength and water contact angles of the nanopaper handsheets increased, and the paper’s color became whiter as the lignin content decreased.

Keywords


Lignocellulosic nanofibril; Alkaline peroxide treatment; Nanopaper; Defibrillation; Wet disk-milling

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