Technology, Pathology and scientific analysis of a piece of Safavid Curtain in the Moghadam Museum

Mina Janpourtaher

Abstract


The curtain under study with the inventory number 3421 is one of the exquisite brocade fabrics belonging to Iran’s Safavid period (dated 16th century) housed in Moghadam museum. This research aims to identify the stitching techniques, texture, pigments and deterioration factors and examining the different causes of damages through historical and artistic review. Data and information is collected through library and field studies, laboratory tests, instrument approaches, analysis, survey and direct observation of the object. Fibers and pigments were detected by using polarizing light microscopy, chemical tests and affordable analysis devices. Results showed the fibers as silk, and Indigo and Madder were identified as main colorants used in dying the fibers. Also according to the SEM results, metal thread was identified as pure silver, which is covered with a layer of black sulfur. According to postural warp and weft and braid string, weaving technique was a combination method with split-woven technique. A series of internal and external destructive factors as well as improper past repairs caused several damages to the fabric. Based on the current condition of the object and the damages it contains, this research aims to identify the deterioration factors and assess them.
Keywords: Technology - Pathology - Safavid textile - Brocade fabric - Moghadam Museum.

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