Cationized Dialdehyde Cellulose Synthesized with Deep Eutectic-like Solvents: Effects on Sheet Dewatering and Mechanical Properties When Used as Wet-End Additive


  • Mozhgan Hashemzehi Karlstad University, Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences
  • Björn Sjöstrand Karlstad University, Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences


Cationization of cellulose, Deep eutectic solvent, Mechanical strength, Dewatering, Recyclability of DES, Papermaking


The ability of cationized dialdehyde cellulose to improve the mechanical properties of paper was evaluated. The majority of cationized additives are synthesized by introducing cationic groups through chemical reactions. Here, cationized additives were produced in a more environmentally friendly manner by use of non-toxic and readily biodegradable deep eutectic-like solvent mixtures (DESs). The modified cellulose’s properties were characterized by FTIR, polarized-light optical microscopy, charge titrations, and SEM/EDX. The cationized additives were investigated as strength additives for papermaking. Three different amounts of cationic additive (2%, 5%, and 10%) were added to the pulp, and the properties of handsheets were studied. Because increasing the additive content can affect dewatering of the process, the dewatering capabilities of the pulps with additives were evaluated by Schopper-Riegler (°SR) value, water retention value (WRV), and vacuum dewatering. Finally, the recyclability of the DES was assessed in terms of cationization reaction efficiency and their effect on paper mechanical properties.






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