Application Parameters of Water Transfer Printing on Wood-based Panel Surfaces


  • Serdar Kaçamer Bolu Vocational School of Technical Sciences, Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal University
  • Mehmet Budakçı Düzce University


Wood-based panels, Water transfer printing, Hydrographics, Hydro dipping, Wood-based panels, Water Transfer Printing, Hydrographics, Hydro Dipping, Coatings


Optimum application values of the Water Transfer Printing (WTP) technique were determined on various wood-based panel surfaces. For this purpose, 8-mm-thick, glossy white, acrylic-coated medium-density fiberboard (MDF) panels (high gloss panels), polyvinyl chloride (PVC)-coated MDF panels, MDF Lam ready-to-use panels, and cellulosic, polyurethane, acrylic, and water-based paint applied MDF panels were used. An automatic immersion system with pool was designed and produced. A 30-μm-thick carbon patterned WTP film was applied on sample panel surfaces prepared with the help of this device at four immersion angles (0º, 15º, 30º, and 45º), four immersion speeds (50 cm/min, 100 cm/min, 150 cm/min, and 200 cm/min), and four immersion times (5 to 10 s, 20 to 30 s, 50 to 60 s, and 80 to 90 s). The optimum parameters of the WTP technique regarding the temperature and relative humidity of the application environment, water temperature, laying method, dissolution time, amount of activator, spray gun angle and tip clearance, air pressure, as well as immersion angle, speed, and time were determined using the measurement and observation method. According to the optimum parameters obtained in the study, the WTP technique was successfully applied to all wood-based panel surfaces.

Author Biographies

Serdar Kaçamer, Bolu Vocational School of Technical Sciences, Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal University

Department of Design

Mehmet Budakçı, Düzce University

Department of Wood Products Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Forestry






Research Article or Brief Communication