Study on Mechanical Strength of Cantilever Handrail Joints for Chair
Keywords:Cantilever handrail, Tenon and mortise, Finite element analysis, Structure design
Modern solid wood armchairs are developing in the direction of simplicity and lightness, and favored by the market. However, the low mechanical strength of the connecting joint of cantilevered handrails is an issue that needs to be improved. In this study, the armrest joints of a cantilever armchair made by beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky) were examined. To improve the mechanical strength of handrail joints, three novel joints were proposed including dovetail tenon, cross-stepped tenon, and rear plug corner tenon. The finite element analysis (FEA) was used to compare and analyze the five joints to obtain the optimal joint. Finally, experimental tests were conducted to verify the results of the FEA. The novel cross-stepped tenon had better mechanical performance, i.e., bending moment capacity and stiffness, than other joints evaluated. The maximum load of the novel cross-stepped tenon was greater than that of the commonly used tenon. In conclusion, the cross-stepped tenon was most suitable for cantilevered handrail joint of chair. This study will contribute to the structural design of modern solid wooden chairs.