Effects of High Temperature Pretreatment and Inoculation of Bacillus coagulans on Promoting Aerobic Composting of Chicken Manure
Keywords:High temperature pretreatment, B. coagulans, Aerobic composting, Bacterial community
Effects of high temperature pretreatment and inoculation of Bacillus coagulans were determined relative to the physicochemical properties and bacterial community of aerobic composting of chicken manure. Chicken manure was pretreated with high temperature for 0 h (CJ), 0.5 h (T-0.5h), 1.0 h (T-1.0h), 1.5 h (T-1.5h), and 2.0 h (T-2.0h) and then inoculated with B. coagulans. Chicken manure without high temperature pretreatment was included as control (CK). The results showed that the temperature of manure in CJ, T-0.5h, T-1.0h, T-1.5h, and T-2.0h groups was 2.2 to 8.4 °C higher than the chicken manure in CK within 1 day. On day 3, the chicken manure temperature reached a peak, which was 1.5 to 7.7 °C higher than that in the CK (56.8 °C). Both inoculation of B. coagulans and high temperature pretreatment increased the abundance and diversity of the bacterial community. The abundance of Firmicutes in T-1.5h was significantly higher than that in CJ. In the temperature decreasing period, the abundance of Bacillus in T-1.5h group was significantly higher than that in the CK and CJ. Overall, it was concluded that high temperature pretreatment and B. coagulans inoculation can accelerate the temperature elevation, increase the temperature of compost, and regulate the structure of bacterial community.