Wet-spinning of TEMPO-oxidized Lignocellulose Nanofibrils and Functionalization of the Filament with Ag Nanoparticles
Keywords:Wet-spinning, Lignocellulose nanofibrils, Silver nanoparticles, UV irradiation
Wet spinning was studied for lignocellulose nanofibrils (TOLCNF) obtained by TEMPO oxidation and mechanical defibrillation of deep eutectic-like solvent-treated lignocellulose. First, the morphological characteristics, water retention value, and specific surface area of the TOLCNF were studied. The effects of the TOLCNF concentration (1.5, 2.0, and 2.5 wt%) and spinning rate (0.1, 1.0, and 10 mL/min) on the wet-spun filament diameter, orientation index, and tensile properties were studied. With an increase in the TOLCNF concentration, the average diameter increased, whereas the orientation index and tensile strength decreased. An increased spinning rate resulted in an increased orientation index and tensile strength but a decrease in the average diameter. To further extend their applicability, Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs) were grown in situ on the filament surface using UV irradiation. Spherical AgNPs with diameters of 30 to 90 nm were observed using scanning electron microscopy. An increased AgNP content improved the tensile strength and elastic modulus of the filaments.