Improvement of Fermentable Sugar Extraction from Hazelnut Shells through Microwave Assisted Dilute Acid Pretreatment


  • Sibel Uzuner Izmir Institute of Technology


Microwave pretreatment, Severity, Fermentable sugar, Valorization


The most effective method for producing fermentable sugars (FSs) from biomass is thermochemical pretreatment assisted by enzymatic hydrolysis. However, the enzymatic hydrolysis-assisted thermochemical pretreatment method is limited by the formation of fermentation inhibitors, and it is time-consuming. There is growing interest in using a microwave (MW) pretreatment due to its uniform and rapid heating. This study aimed to determine, perform data-driven modeling, and optimize the effect of MW combined with dilute acid pretreatment (MW-DA) on the production of FSs from hazelnut shells. An artificial neural networks (ANNs) model based on Box-Behnken Design (BBD) was the best model described for fermentable sugar extraction (FSE). Optimization via BBD-based ANNs model was carried out for an acid concentration of 0.5 to 2% (w/w), a pretreatment time of 5 to 25 min, a pressure of 5 to 15 bar, and a temperature of 120 to 160 °C. The optimized FSE was estimated at 374 mg/g (81.4% conversion efficiency), with a severity factor of 3.61 under 1.58% H2SO4 for 13 min at 160 °C and 8.5 bar. Using the MW-DA pretreatment process lowered the costs significantly due to the decreases in acid concentration and pretreatment time.






Research Article or Brief Communication