Effects of Different Pretreatments Combined with Steam Explosion on the Properties of Bamboo Fibers
Keywords:Bamboo fibers (BFs), Pretreatment, Steam explosion (SE), Microstructure, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)
Bamboo pretreatment is a key technology for the preparation of bamboo fibers (BFs) for composites. This study examined the properties of BFs prepared by steam explosion (SE) BFs following pretreatment by enzyme, alkali, and salt. The microstructure, functional groups, crystallinity, and surface chemical elements of BFs were characterized by environmental scanning electron microscope (ESEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The results indicated that bamboo could be separated into fiber bundles through SE after pretreatment. The separation of BFs pretreated by enzyme and alkali were better, but colloid remained and was able to stick the fibers together. Through performing different pretreatments before SE, the lignin and hemicellulose of BFs were partially removed, and alkali pretreatment had the best effect on lignin removal. The crystal structure of the BFs did not change significantly, and the crystallinity of BFs was highest at 2 MPa and 6 min when pretreated by alkali. The XPS results showed that the effect of alkali pretreatment at 2 MPa for 6 min was the best.