Parameter Analysis on Longitudinal Lateral Force Resistance of Song Dynasty Timber Frame with Panjian
Keywords:Traditional Chinese timber frame, Panjian, Lateral force resistance, Hysteretic behavior
The Panjian structure is an important longitudinal connecting member of Song Dynasty hall-type buildings in China. To study the lateral force resistance of such structures, a refined finite element model of Song-style hall-type single-room four-column space timber frame containing Panjian structure was established based on the official building code Yingzao Fashi of Song Dynasty. The Panjian and inner E’fang in the lower-ping part, the Panjian in the upper-ping part, and Guazi-gong Panjian and Man-gong Panjian in the roof ridge part were investigated. The model hysteresis curves of all three parts of the longitudinal timber frame were found to be S-shaped, with obvious pinching effect, fuller at both ends and centrosymmetric shape. The Panjian structures in the lower-ping and upper-ping parts, and the Guazi-gong Panjian in the roof ridge part increased the energy dissipation and lateral stiffness of the timber frame. The Man-gong Panjian in the roof ridge part, however, was detrimental to the lateral resistance of the structure. Throughout the test, the Panjian structures were relatively intact, with large plastic damage occurring at both ends of the E’fang. For the repair and testing of similar ancient buildings, some reference suggestions are provided.