Decay Resistance of Pterocarpus erinaceus Poir. and the Antifungal Properties of its Extract
Keywords:Pterocarpus erinaceus, Antifungal activity, Extract, Transcriptomics, GC-MS
The processing residue of Pterocarpus erinaceus was used to obtain an ethanol-extract, whose anti-fungal properties and mode of action was investigated using multi-omics principles and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The results showed that the decay resistance of the heartwood of Pterocarpus erinaceus was in Grade I; it showed strong decay resistance. The effective concentration of 70% ethanol extract of the heartwood of Pterocarpus erinaceus was 13.8%. It showed high inhibition against Coriolus versicolor and Gloeophyllum trabeum, and the content of the extract was positively correlated with the diameter of the inhibition zone. Transcriptomics analysis showed there were 93 genes differentially expressed in Gloeophyllum trabeum. Among them, 42 genes were up-regulated and 51 genes were down-regulated. These genes were mainly related to oxidoreductase activity, integral components of the membrane, carbohydrate metabolism, lipid metabolism, and other related Gloeophyllum trabeum life activities. In total, 31 substances were separated and observed using GC-MS, and their peak areas accounted for 91.8% of the total peak area. Of these, 16 substances including ketones, esters, amines, alkanes, olefins and aromatic compounds showed a relatively high content. Ketones accounted for the most abundance at 29.1%. These compounds may represent the main active components of antifungal and decay resistance.