Transparent Wood Developed by Impregnating Poplar with Epoxy Resin Assisted by Silane Coupling Agent
Keywords:Transparent wood, Epoxy resin, Silane coupling agent, Interfacial compatibility, Light transmittance
Biodegradable transparent wood was fabricated by introducing epoxy resin E51 modified with the silane coupling agent (KH550) into bleached poplar veneer. The light transmittance of transparent wood was modulated by KH550 content. The silane coupling agent KH550 was able to change the compatibility of epoxy resin and wood substrate, thereby affecting the performance of transparent wood. In this study, the effect of KH550 on the properties of transparent wood and its mechanism were investigated. The light transmittance, tensile strength, and elongation at break of transparent wood showed an increasing and then decreasing trend with increased KH550 dosage. When the mass ratio of the coupling agent KH550 to the epoxy resin was 1:20, the transparent wood made by impregnating wood substrate with epoxy resin modified by KH550 had the best performance, with the fast degradation starting temperature of 338 °C, 81.07% light transmittance at λ = 780 nm, 59.92 MPa tensile strength, and 3.47% elongation at break. This work provides a new way for preparing high performance transparent wood.