Evaluation of Changes in Fold Cracking and Mechanical Properties of High-Grammage Paper Based on Pulp Fiber Modification


  • Dong-Seop Kim Dept. of Biobased Materials, Chungnam National University
  • Yong Joo Sung Dept. of Biobased Materials, Chungnam National University


Fold cracking, Pulp fiber, Beating, Pulp composition, Mechanical properties, Proportional values of change, Pulp species



The demand for high-grammage paper, 150 g/m2 or more, is increasing for product protection and aesthetic value. Fold cracking, resulting from high mechanical pressure during folding, considerably decreases the economic feasibility of such products for papermaking companies. Fold cracking can be reduced through creasing, but defects possibly occur as fiber bonds are broken. In this study, the fold cracking of high-grammage paper that was not treated through creasing was explored. The mechanical and folding properties of six types of pulp fibers were evaluated based on their beating degree. The fines content of the fiber differed according to the beating condition. Using pulp with low fines content improved the folding properties. The mechanical properties of hardwood pulp were enhanced with increased beating degree. The mechanical properties of softwood pulp were considerably increased, and fold cracking occurred with increasing beating degree. Therefore, to improve the fold cracking, beating should be applied appropriately, following the type and mixing ratio of pulp fibers. Finally, softwood pulp mixing is proposed as a strategy to control fold cracking while maintaining the unique characteristics of high-grammage paper.






Research Article or Brief Communication