Changes in Fold Cracking Properties and Mechanical Properties of High-Grammage Paper as Affected by Additive and Fillers
Keywords:Fold cracking resistance, High-grammage paper, Precipitated calcium carbonate, Cationic starch, Folding, High-bulk paper, Stock preparation
Fold cracking, which reduces the economic feasibility of paper-making, is a localized surface deformation caused by extreme bending stress. Most paper products, such as base paper and coated paper, generate fold cracking during folding processing. To control fold cracking, the mechanical properties of the base paper can be strengthened, and the flexibility of the structure can be increased by controlling the modification in pulp fibers and stock preparation conditions. This study analyzed the changes in the mechanical properties of high-grammage paper in response to the addition of precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC) and cationic starch (C-starch). The application of inorganic filler (PCC) drastically reduced the internal bond strength and tensile strength, causing fold cracking, whereas C-starch increased the bond strength between fibers, which improved the tensile strength, internal bond strength, and elongation. However, when applied independently, fold cracking occurred because of extreme increase or decrease in strength. Therefore, the combined application of C-starch and PCC made it possible to form a paper-based structure with high fold cracking resistance. Moreover, when the fold cracking resistance was excellent, the mechanical properties were balanced without being biased in one direction even under conditions of relatively low mechanical properties.