Facile Production of Highly Active Rice Straw Bioadsorbent to Remove Cu in Wastewater
Keywords:Bio-based material, Biomass, Rice straw, Heavy metal adsorbent, Bioadsorbent
A bioadsorbent with a high specific surface area and high content of oxygen-containing functional groups was prepared from silica depleted rice straw ash (SDRSA). The starting material was a by-product of rice straw after alkoxysilane extraction. The maximum adsorption capacity of SDRSA for copper ions was 26.7 mg/g, which was higher than previously reported biomass adsorbents. The effects of adsorbent dose, pH, contact time, and other conditions on the adsorption performance of SDRSA on Cu2+ were investigated. The adsorption process of Cu2+ on SDRSA was well fitted by the Langmuir isotherm model and the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The physicochemical properties and adsorption mechanism of SDRSA were investigated by specific surface area testing (BET), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and Boehm titration methods. Electrostatic interaction, complexation, ion exchange, and precipitation are the possible Cu2+ removal mechanisms. The preparation method requires only simple washing and drying, and the alcohol can be distilled and recycled. Thus, SDRSA is very low cost and convenient to prepare in large quantities. This work presents a novel approach to optimize adsorbent production to mitigate heavy metal pollution.