Preparation, Characterization, and Application of Cationic Xylan-based Aerogel
Keywords:Hemicellulose, Xylan, Aerogel, Pectin, Adsorption capacity
Adsorption is one of the most significant approaches for treatment of wastewater. An adsorbent with high mechanical strength, good renewability, and high efficiency is expected for practical applications. In this paper, a cationic xylan-based aerogel composed of xylan, polyvinyl alcohol, and agarose was fabricated to adsorb pectin, which is a typical anionic trash substance in the papermaking white water. The freeze-drying method was used to prepare the aerogel. A cationic xylan-based aerogel with high mechanical strength (34.676 MPa at 50% strain) was obtained. FT-IR results illustrated that the hydrogen bonds between three components contributed to the formation of aerogels. The addition of cationic xylan led to a slight decrease of crystallinity and thermostability of the aerogels. The maximum adsorption capacity of anionic pectin was 19.52 mg/g. Moreover, the aerogels maintained a high pectin-adsorption capacity after five recycles. This new cationic xylan-based aerogel offers potential possibilities for the development of value-added hemicellulose-based materials and the purification of papermaking white water in practical applications.