Thermal Properties of Radiant Floor Surface Materials and Numerical Evaluation of the Thermal Performance
Keywords:Radiant heating, Wood floor, Thermal performance, Temperature
A Hot Disk thermal constant analyzer was used to obtain the thermal parameters of composite boards, solid wood floor, and ceramic tiles (CT). FLUENT software was used for the model establishment and the temperature field simulation, and the effects caused by different surface materials were analyzed. A 2D unsteady model was constructed to analyze floor surface temperature and indoor temperature fields in an enclosure space. Comparison of temperature fields caused by different materials showed that both steady indoor temperature and surface temperature of CTwerethe highest, which is due to its good thermal properties. Thermal conductivity and thermal capacity are the two main factors affecting floor thermal performance in the initial hours, while thermal conductivity is the key factor in the steady period. For the compared floor materials, CT and Sindora glabra (SG) are the optimal choices from the perspective of thermal performance, while composite boards are almost the same in thermal performance.