Production of Biodegradable Composite Plates from Cross-Linked Starch and Cellulosic Fibers


  • Sebahir Ülpki Köselerli Department of Forest İndustry Engineering, Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University, 70100 Karaman, Turkey
  • Mehmet Onurhan Gucus Department of Food Engineering, Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University, 70100 Karaman, Turkey
  • Mustafa Kemal Uslu Department of Food Engineering, Akdeniz University, 07000 Antalya, Turkey


Biodegradable, Cross-linked starch, Composite plate, Cellulosic fiber


Plastic used in food packaging causes permanent damage to living things. Therefore, biodegradable packaging has gained importance. In this study, biodegradable composite plates made from cross-linked wheat starch and cellulose-based fibers were examined for their physical and mechanical properties. The mechanical and physical properties were significantly altered when the obtained composite plates were examined. According to texture analysis, the plate with the lowest brittleness and with the highest crushing toughness value was produced from 7% carboxymethylcellulose. The densities of the composite plates obtained from cross-linked wheat starch were found to be 0.171 g/cm³, and their densities were found to be lower than the composite plates produced from natural wheat starch. It was determined that the plate with the highest water resistance was produced from 7% carboxymethyl cellulose. Added cellulosic fibers (commercial cellulose, linter fiber, hemp fiber) reduced moisture absorption from the air, reducing the average moisture content to 8.71. All of the plates produced with 7% linter fiber, which has the lowest moisture content, completely disappeared from nature within 40 days.






Research Article or Brief Communication