Simulation Calculation and Analysis of Building Energy Consumption of Multi-Story Glued Laminated Timber Structures
Keywords:Glued laminated timber structure, Heat transfer coefficient, Building air tightness, Building energy consumption, Simulation calculation and analysis
As the only renewable building material, wood has a strong carbon sequestration effect. Thus, timber structures have the natural advantages of saving energy and reducing emissions. Currently, the research objects of building energy consumption are rarely timber structures. To further control the operational energy consumption of timber structures, this paper takes six-story glued laminated timber beam-column frame and light wood-frame shear wall structures as the research objects. Building energy consumption research is conducted through testing the heat transfer coefficient of the envelope structure, air circulation ratio, and Building Information Modeling (BIM) technology on-site. The results show that the energy consumption of the building is consistent with the current energy consumption of small- and medium-sized office buildings, and the heat gain and loss of the building are mainly due to solar radiation and heat conduction of the envelope, respectively. The airtightness of the building has the greatest influence on the energy consumption of the building, and the type of building structure and window-to-wall ratio have little influence on the energy consumption of the building.