Thermal-Degradation Characteristics of Mechanically Nanofibrillated Bleached Pulps from Hardwood and Softwood


  • Akihiro Hideno Paper Industry Innovation Center, Ehime University, 127 Mendori-cho, Shikokuchuo, Ehime 799-0113, Japan


Mechanical nano fibrillation, Bleached pulp, Thermogravimetric analysis, DTG peak separation, Damaged hemicellulose


Nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) consists of ultrafine cellulose structures in which the fibrils can have widths in the range from about 5 to 100 nm.  NFC has been studied and developed in the paper industry, using bleached pulp from wood as the raw material. One of the issues in the application of NFC is their heat resistance to thermal degradation. The production process of NFC results in a decrease in their pyrolysis temperature during the nanofibrillation of bleached pulp; however, the details behind the reason and mechanisms are still unclear. In this study, NFC was prepared from bleached hardwood and softwood pulp by mechanical nanofibrillation using a grinder, and the pyrolysis behavior was investigated. For both bleached pulps, a decrease in the pyrolysis temperature was observed after nanofibrillation. The results suggest that the decrease in the pyrolysis temperature from nanofibrillation is not due to damage of the crystalline cellulose by nano fibrillation, but the damage of the hemicellulose components in the surface of the cellulose microfibrils or the interface between the crystalline cellulose and hemicellulose. If the hemicellulose on the surface of crystalline cellulose could be removed from the NFC, then the decrease in the pyrolysis temperature could be suppressed.






Research Article or Brief Communication