Modeling of Mechanical Properties of Wood-Polymer Composites with Artificial Neural Networks


  • Mustafa Altay Eroğlu Department of Interior Design, Safranbolu Şefik Yılmaz Dizdar Vocational School, Karabuk University, Safranbolu/Karabuk, Türkiye
  • Suat Altun Department of Industrial Design Engineering, Technology Faculty, Karabuk University, Karabuk, Türkiye
  • Hasan Hüseyin Ciritcioğlu Wood Products Industrial Engineering, Forestry Faculty, Düzce University, Düzce, Türkiye


Tensile strength, Flexural strength, Modulus of elasticity, HDPE, MAPE


Mechanical properties (tensile strength (TS), modulus of elasticity in tensile (MET), flexural strength (FS), modulus of elasticity (MOE)) of the material to be obtained depending on the production parameters in the production of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) wood-polymer composites with Scots pine wood flour additive were predicted using Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) model and without destructive testing. In the first stage of the study, an ANN model was developed using data from 56 different studies in the literature on the mechanical properties of wood polymer composites. In the second stage, in order to determine the reliability of the model, output values were estimated using input parameters that had not been used in training and testing of the model. Based on the same input parameters, test specimens were produced and mechanical tests were performed. The results obtained from the experiments and ANN model were compared by considering the mean absolute percentage error (MAPE) value. The coefficient of determination (R2) values obtained in the training and testing phase of the ANN models were all higher than 0.90. In this way, the mechanical properties of the wood polymer composite were successfully predicted by the ANN model. Because most of the MAPE values obtained from the mechanical tests were below 10%, the model was considered a reliable model.






Research Article or Brief Communication