Optimization of Hardness Values via Taguchi Method for Chestnut Wood Etched or Impregnated with Sodium Bicarbonate after Artificial Aging


  • Dursun Kemal Bayraktar Kastamonu University, Faculty of Forestry, Forest Industry Engineering, Kastamonu, Turkey
  • Mehmet Güneş Department of Design, Vocational Highschool, Çankırı Karatekin University, Çankırı, Turkey


Accelerated weathering, Surface, Hardness, Optimization, Taguchi method


In today's wood industry, research is being conducted to increase material strength, ensure long-term use, and increase its hardness against many harmful external factors. With the studies on the protection of wood, new protection materials and methods are introduced. In this study, wood was etched with solid sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) and 1, 2, and 3 bars of air pressure after treatment with NaHCO3 solution and drying. The change in hardness values of impregnated and surface-treated (paint, varnish) chestnut wood after artificial aging was examined. Etching, impregnation, and surface treatment factors were optimized using the Taguchi design of experiments (DoE) after artificial aging for 3, 6, and 9 months. L16 orthogonal array was used to determine the optimum conditions for determining hardness values and their percentage changes. The results showed that the abrasive factor prevails over the effect of surface treatments. It has been understood that the most effective factor in the hardness value changes during the artificial aging period (3-6-9 months) is abrasion, and the factor with the least effect is the surface parameter. The percentage accuracy of the model used in estimating the wear factor average R2 across all dependent variables was 95%.






Research Article or Brief Communication