POLYMERIZATION OF DIFFERENT LIGNINS BY LACCASE

Maija-Liisa Mattinen, Tapani Suortti, Richard Gosselink, Dimitris S. Argyropoulos, Dmitry Evtuguin, Anna Suurnäkki, Ed de Jong, Tarja Tamminen

Abstract


In this study the oxidative polymerization of different lignins, i.e. Flax Soda lignin, Spruce EMAL, and Eucalyptus Dioxane lignin by Trametes hirsuta laccase was compared. Initially the structures of the different lignins were compared by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The reactivity of laccase with the different types of lignins in the absence of mediators was examined and verified by oxygen consumption measurements. The molecular weight distributions of treated and untreated lignins were determined by two different size exclusion chromatography methods. Furthermore, the potential of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation-time of flight-mass spectroscopy for determination of the absolute molecular weights of the different lignins was evaluated. The data showed that all the technical lignins could be activated and polymerized by laccase to different degrees. The efficiency as indicated by measurements of the degree of polymerization was found to increase in the order of Spruce EMAL < Eucalyptus Dioxane lignin < Flax Soda lignin. Overall, this data supplies foundations for using enzymes more efficiently in the enzymatic upgrading of lignin.

Keywords


Lignin; Laccase; Molecular weight distribution; Polymerization; SEC; MALDI-TOF MS

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