Younes Moussaoui, Faten Ferhi, Elimame Elaloui, Ridha Bensalem, Mohamed Naceur Belgacem


The chemical composition of Astragalus armatus contains quite a high amount of extractives in organic solvents (close to 13%), but a low percentage of lignin (around 17%) and an acceptable content of holocellulose (54%). The α-cellulose content is around 35%, and the ash content is around 3%. Using the insight of such data, the soda-anthraquinone cooking of Astragalus armatus produced lignocellulosic fibres. Different cooking temperatures (100, 120, 140, and 160°C) were tested and the delignification duration was 2 h. A yield of about 30% w/w was obtained, and the obtained pulps had a kappa number of 25. Finally, the isolated fibres were used to produce paper samples with a basis weight of 60 g/m2. The structural and mechanical properties of the prepared samples were close to those of other common annual plant-based fibre mats.


Astragalus armatus; Fibre properties; Annual plant; Paper properties; Pulping process

Full Text:


Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucian.lucia@gmail.com URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126