Intensive Interaction Region during Co-pyrolysis of Lignin and Cellulose: Experimental Observation and Kinetic Assessment

Shiliang Wu, Dekui Shen, Jun Hu, Huiyan Zhang, Rui Xiao


Interactions between biomass constituents (cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin) under pyrolytic conditions have received more and more attention in recent years. A synthesized sample was prepared through mixing of cellulose and lignin with a mass:mass ratio of 1:1. The cellulose-lignin mixture (C-L-M) was heated from 20 to 800 °C using a thermogravimetric analyzer coupled with a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (TG-FTIR). The presence of the cellulose-lignin complex was theoretically confirmed by the suggestion of a hydrogen bond network between cellulose- and lignin-related oligomers through the density functional theory (DFT) method. To estimate the strength of the interaction between cellulose and lignin in different regions, correlation coefficients r were employed to nominate three regions: region I (20 to 305 °C), in which lignin and cellulose were pyrolyzed into oligomers without interacting with one another; region II (305 to 432 °C), which was deemed the intensive interaction region, with an r value of about 0.2; and region III (432 to 800 °C), in which the pyrolysis of cellulose ceased and only lignin was further degraded. A kinetic scheme was also proposed to model the co-pyrolysis of cellulose and lignin.


Cellulose; Lignin; Co-pyrolysis; Interaction; Kinetic scheme

Full Text:


Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022,; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, URLs:; ISSN: 1930-2126