The Structure of Lignin of Corn Stover and its Changes Induced by Mild Sodium Hydroxide Treatment

Dou-yong Min, Hou-min Chang, Hasan Jameel, Lucian Lucia, Zhi-guo Wang, Yong-can Jin


Corn stover is an abundant feedstock in the US that can be used for second generation bioethanol production. However, there is little useful data on structure of the lignin of corn stover. The following principal tasks will be addressed to profile the structure of corn stover: (1) separation of corn stover into stem, cob, and leaf; (2) isolation of cellulolytic enzyme lignins (CEL) from extractive-free and the alkali-treated fractions; (3) quantification of p-coumarate and ferulate of fractions by HPLC. The results of alkaline nitrobenzene oxidation and 1H-13C HSQC NMR indicated: (1) the structure of lignin varied in the fractions; (2) a remarkable amount of p-coumarate and ferulate was identified and determined; (3) the remarkable structural changes of lignin induced by alkaline treatment were elucidated.


Corn stover; Lignin; Alkali-treatment; Nitrobenzene oxidation; 1H-13C HSQC NMR

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Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022,; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, URLs:; ISSN: 1930-2126