The Influence of Hot Compression on the Surface Characteristics of Poplar Veneer

Wending Li, Chao Wang, Yang Zhang, Chong Jia, Chenchao Gao, Juwan Jin


The surface characteristics of wood veneer are inevitably influenced by hot compression treatment, which is crucial to bonding ability in the production of veneer-based composites such as plywood and laminated veneer lumber (LVL). The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of compression at the temperature of 120 °C on the surface roughness, surface element compositions, and surface free energy (SFE) of poplar veneer. The results showed that the surface roughness of veneer decreased with increasing compression ratio (CR). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis indicated that the oxygen to carbon atoms ratio (O/C ratio) of the veneer surface decreased, while the carbon C1 to C2 atoms ratio (C1/C2 ratio) increased due to hot compression. The SFE of veneer increased by 12% at the CR level of 11%. The improvement in wettability was mainly due to the interfacial contact area increase of the hydrophilic veneer and the decrease in hydrophobic air in the liquid-veneer interface as the CR level increased.


Surface free energy; Contact angle; Veneer; Hot compression; Surface roughness; X-ray photoelectron spectrometer (XPS)

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Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022,; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, URLs:; ISSN: 1930-2126