A Sequential Combination of Laccase Pretreatment and Enzymatic Hydrolysis for Glucose Production from Furfural Residues

Hailong Yu, Xiaoli Li, Yang Xing, Zhiping Liu, Jianxin Jiang


Furfural residues (FRs) were pretreated with laccase or a laccase-mediator (1-hydroxybenzotriazole, HBT) system to produce fermentable sugar for bioethanol production. Compared to laccase-only pretreatment, laccase-mediator pretreatment dissolved more lignin. Approximately 10.5% of the initially present lignin was removed when FRs were treated with a laccase loading of 100 U/g of dry substrate in 1% (w/w) HBT at 48 °C for 24 h in an acetate buffer (pH 4.8). The enzymatic saccharification process was carried out by a combined laccase or laccase-mediator pretreatment without washing of the treated solids. The results showed that active laccase had a negative effect on the rate and yield of enzymatic hydrolysis. Laccase-oxidized HBT seriously reduced glucose yield. However, non-oxidized HBT increased glucose yield when laccase was deactivated at 121 °C for 20 min prior to enzymatic hydrolysis. The highest glucose yield, 80.9%, was obtained from the substrate pretreated with 100 U/g of dry substrate laccase and 1% (w/w) HBT at 48 °C for 24 h in an acetate buffer (pH 4.8). Furthermore, the structures of FRs before and after laccase-mediator pretreatment were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR).


Laccase-mediator pretreatment; Furfural residues; Enzymatic hydrolysis; 1-hydroxybenzotriazole

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