Ten Essential Oils for Beech Wood Protection - Efficacy Against Wood-destroying Fungi and Moulds, and Effect on Wood Discoloration

Miloš Pánek, Ladislav Reinprecht, Matej Hulla


This work analyses the anti-fungal efficacy and stability of 10 essential oils, as well as their colour stability, in wood. The efficacy of oils against the decay fungi Coniophora puteana and Trametes versicolor as well as the moulds Aspergillus niger and Penicillium brevicompactum was evaluated first on filter papers treated with 1, 3.5, 10%, or 100% concentrate, and then on beech wood treated with 10% solutions. Accelerated ageing of treated beech samples was done before mycological tests and consisted of heating, leaching followed by heating, and Xenotest followed by heating. The highest growth inhibition of moulds and C. puteana was caused by thyme, oregano, sweet flag, and clove oils, while the savory and birch oils were less effective. These oils are potentially useful for wood protection against brown-rot fungi and moulds, mostly in interior conditions. The essential oils had only a negligible effect against the white-rot fungus T. versicolor, which was more apparent after previous ageing of wood. Some essential oils with a yellow tone (birch, oregano, sweet flag, savory, and tea tree oils) significantly changed (p<0.05) the natural colour of beech wood, but the new colours were relatively stable and underwent only mild changes after accelerated ageing in Xenotest.


Wood protection; Essential oils; Wood-destroying fungi; Moulds; Colour

Full Text:


Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucia-bioresources@ncsu.edu URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126