Roughness of Surface Created by Transversal Sawing of Spruce, Beech, and Oak Wood

Richard Kminiak, Milan Gaff


The created surface irregularities, namely roughness profile Ra, after the sawing of spruce, beech, and oak wood on a sliding mitre saw with manual saw blade feeding were studied. The created surface roughness was monitored at a cut height, e, of 50 mm using three basic modes of solid wood transversal sawing (flatwise cross-cutting at φ2=90°, flatwise edge-mitre cross-cutting, and flatwise mitre cross-cutting at φ2=45°). The monitored surface was made using a sliding mitre saw with the gradual application of saw blades with 24, 40, or 60 teeth, and special saw blade with 24 teeth and a chip limiter (CL), respectively. The saw blades used had identical angle geometries. Three levels of feed force, Fp, of 15, 20, and 25 N corresponding to a range of feed forces used by different operators were used in the experiment. The roughness of sawn surfaces was significantly influenced by cutting model, wood species, type of saw blade, and feed force. The created surface roughness values were very close to the plane milling values.


Transversal sawing; Feed force; Number of teeth; Surface roughness; Beech; Oak; Spruce

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