Statistical Approach for Optimization of Ethanol Production from Fast-growing Trees: Acacia mangium and Acacia hybrid

Antika Boondaeng, Pilanee Vaithanomsat, Waraporn Apiwatanapiwat, Chanaporn Trakunjae, Wuttinunt Kongtud


This is the first report of the potential of Acacia fast growing trees in Thailand, A. mangium and the Acacia hybrid (A. mangium x A. auriculiformis), as raw material for ethanol production through a simultaneous saccharification and fermentation process by Saccharomyces cerevisiae TISTR 5339. Alkaline pulping was applied as the pretreatment process. Optimization of ethanol production was studied using response surface methodology based on central composite design. The optimized conditions of 100 g/L solid loading and an A600 of S. cerevisiae TISTR 5339 of 2 gave observed values of ethanol production of 35.7 and 27.3 g/L, which corresponded with the predicted values of 32.32 and 26.37g/L from A. mangium and A. hybrid, respectively. This condition was then used for up-scaling in a 10-L stirred bioreactor. The improved maximum ethanol concentrations of 37.84 and 36.52 g/L were obtained from A. mangium and Acacia hybrid, respectively, within 96 h of cultivation at 30 °C and no aeration rate.


Acacia mangium; Acacia hybrid; Ethanol; Optimization; Response surface methodology

Full Text:


Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022,; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, URLs:; ISSN: 1930-2126