Study of Sound Absorption Coefficients and Characterization of Rice Straw Stem Fibers Reinforced Polypropylene Composites

Elammaran Jayamani, Sinin Hamdan, Md Rezaur Rahman, Muhammad Khusairy Bin Bakri


In this study, both untreated rice straw stem fibers and fibers treated with sodium hydroxide were used. Maleic anhydride polypropylene (MAPP) was used to enhance adhesion of the fiber with the matrix. Composites were prepared with various combinations of fiber, ranging from 10 wt.% to 25 wt.%, and polypropylene in addition to 2 wt.% MAPP. These composites were then tested for acoustical, mechanical, thermal, infrared spectral, and morphological properties. The fibers were treated by being soaked in 5 wt.% NaOH solution at 30 C for 30 min. The composites with treated fiber exhibited higher thermal stability, tensile strength, sound absorption, and fiber-matrix adhesion than the composites with untreated fiber. The results of sound absorption measurements showed that the composites with higher fiber content had better sound absorption than the composites with lower fiber content. The changes in the peaks in the Fourier transform infrared spectrum indicate that the alkaline treatment removed hemicellulose and lignin from the rice straw stem fibers.


Sound absorption coefficients; Rice straw composites, Thermo-gravimetric analysis; Fourier transform infrared; Scanning electron microscopy

Full Text:


Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022,; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, URLs:; ISSN: 1930-2126