Clean Fuel, Clean Energy Conversion Technology: Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Palm Oil Mill Effluent Biogas Flameless Combustion

Seyed Ehsan Hosseini, Ghobad Bagheri, Mazlan Abdul Wahid, Aminuddin Saat


The combustion of effluent biogas from a palm oil mill is not feasible on a large scale because of its low calorific value (LCV). Therefore, the captured biogas is usually flared because of a lack of appropriate combustion technology. However, such biogas could be an excellent source of energy for combined heat and power (CHP) generation in palm oil mills. In this paper, the feasibility of using biogas from palm oil mills in flameless combustion systems is investigated. In computational fluid dynamic (CFD) modeling, a two-step reaction scheme is employed to simulate the eddy dissipation method (EDM). In such biogas flameless combustion, the temperature inside the chamber is uniform and hot spots are eliminated. The peak of the non-luminous flame volume and the maximum temperature uniformity occur under stoichiometric conditions when the concentration of oxygen in the oxidizer is 7%. In these conditions, as the concentration of oxygen in the oxidizer increases, the efficiency of palm oil mill effluent biogas flameless combustion increases. The maximum efficiency (around 61% in the experiment) is achieved when the percentage of oxygen in the oxidizer is 7%.


Palm oil mill effluent; Biogas; Flameless combustion; NOx

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