White Water Recirculation Method as a Means to Evaluate the Influence of Fines on the Properties of Handsheets

Rafael Giner Tovar, Wolfgang Johann Fischer, Rene Eckhart, Wolfgang Bauer


Fines are an important factor in the papermaking industry with respect to their influence on the mechanical properties of paper. A procedure offering the possibility to produce handsheets with a constant amount of fines, as well as the determination of the fines content, is of great importance in evaluating the influences of different types of fines. In this work, a method based on a white water circulation system and fiber morphology characterization using a flow cell was evaluated. Three different wires for handsheet forming were studied (120-mesh, 325-mesh, and 500-mesh), and the 325-mesh wire was chosen for further trials. Using the 325-mesh wire, a constant amount of fines was achieved after discarding seven handsheets. This method allows reliable evaluation of the effects of primary as well as secondary fines and a cellulosic additive on handsheet properties.


Primary fines; Secondary fines; Fines content; Fines retention; White water circulation; Handsheet forming; Paper properties

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