Interpenetrating Polymer Network (IPN) with Epoxidized and Acrylated Bioresins and their Composites with Glass and Jute Fibres

Francisco Cardona, Mohamed T. B. H. Sultan, Abd. Rahim Abu Talib, Farah Ezzah, Aishah Derahman


Epoxidized (EHO) and acrylated (AEHO) bio-resins from hemp oil were synthesized, and their interpenetrating networks (IPNs) were investigated in reinforced bio-composites with natural jute fibres and glass fibres. The mechanical properties (tensile, flexural, Charpy impact, and inter-laminar shear) and viscoelastic properties (glass transition temperature, storage modulus, and crosslink density) of the bio-resins and their hybrid IPNs EHO/AEHO system were investigated as a function of the level of bio-resin hybridization. The hybrid bio-resins exhibited interpenetrating network (IPN) behaviour. Composites prepared with the synthetic vinyl ester (VE) and epoxy resins showed superior mechanical and viscoelastic properties compared with their bio-resins and IPNs-based counterparts. With glass fibre (GF) reinforcement, increases in the EHO content of the IPNs resulted in increased stiffness of the composites, while the strength, inter-laminar shear strength (ILSS), and impact resistance decreased. However, in the jute fibre reinforced bio-composites, increases in AEHO content generated increased tensile modulus, ILSS, and mechanical strength of the bio-materials. Crosslink density and glass transition temperature (Tg) were also higher for the synthetic resins than for the bio-resins. Increased AEHO content of the IPNs resulted in improved viscoelastic properties.


Bio-resins; Epoxy; Vinyl ester; EHO; AEHO; IPN; Impact strength; DMA; FTIR

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