The Effects of NaOH-Urea Aqueous Solution on the Strength and Softness Properties of Bamboo Ligno-cellulosic Fibers

Rui Zhai, Jinxia Ma, Zhijun Hu, Jingwen Hou


APMP (alkaline peroxide mechanical pulp) of bamboo was treated in NaOH-urea aqueous solution to modify the fiber properties. The effects of soaking time, fiber concentration, alkali dosage, freezing temperature, and freezing time were evaluated by single-factor experiments. The optimal conditions were determined as a soaking time of 10 min, a fiber concentration of 15%, an alkali dosage of 6%, a freezing temperature of -7 °C, and a freezing time of 40 min. Compared with the properties of untreated APMP, the tensile index of the treated APMP was increased by 64%, and the burst index was increased by 82%. The bulk was reduced by 15%, and the softness was increased by 18%. There was no obvious variation on the folding strength. According to the instrumental analysis, there were no significant effects on the structure in terms of functional groups, the crystalline region, or the fiber surface morphology; however, the variation on the fiber quality was more significant.


NaOH-urea aqueous solution; Ligno-cellulose fiber; Fiber property; APMP

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