Effects of Some Machining Parameters on Noise Level in Planing of Some Wood Materials

Fatih Mehmet Durcan, Erol Burdurlu


Effects of type of wood, number of blades, and depth and width of cutting were evaluated relative to the noise level during the machining of wooden materials in a spindle moulder. Lombardy poplar, Oriental beech, and medium density fibreboard (MDF) materials, at the thickness levels of 6 mm, 12 mm, 18 mm, 25 mm, or 30 mm, were planed for 20 min for each variable at the feed rate of 5 meters per min and at the cutting depth of 1 mm, 2 mm, or 3 mm with one or four blades. During machining of the samples, the noise levels were measured using a noise level meter. According to the data obtained, the highest noise level connected to the type of materials was measured in the machining of poplar wood, followed by that of beech wood and MDF. As the thicknesses of the materials were increased, increases up to 9 dBA of the noise level were measured. Moreover, machining the materials with one blade instead of four and with a cutting width of 1 mm instead of 3 mm increased the noise level by 2 dBA and 6 dBA, respectively.


Wood machining; Noise emission; Occupational health and safety; Oriental beech; Medium density fibreboard (MDF)

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