Surface Characterization of Plasma-treated Eucalyptus Alkaline Peroxide Mechanical Pulp using Electronic Spectroscopy Chemical Analysis and Atomic Force Microscopy

Chongxing Huang, Yuan Zhao, Ying Liu, Yizhao Chen, Cuicui Li, Zhijia Li


Eucalyptus alkaline peroxide mechanical pulp (APMP) fibers were modified by a low-temperature plasma (LTP) treatment within an air and oxygen mixture. An atomic force microscope (AFM) and electronic spectroscopy chemical analysis (ESCA) were used to analyze the morphological and chemical information of eucalyptus APMP fibers. According to the AFM results, LTP treatment etched the fibers’ surface, allowing for the removal of hydrophobic substances from the surface. According to the ESCA, the oxygen to carbon ratio of the APMP fiber surface increased from 50.08% to 55.47%, and the C1 peak area decreased from 8.89% to 8.45% after a LTP treatment. All of these results indicate that a LTP treatment can modify the APMP fibers and reduce the contents of lignin and extractives, thus exposing more carbohydrate.


Low-temperature plasma; Eucalyptus APMP; ESCA; AFM

Full Text:


Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022,; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, URLs:; ISSN: 1930-2126