The Detection of Structure in Wood by X-Ray CT Imaging Technique

Zhedong Ge, Longxian Chen, Rui Luo, Yanwei Wang, Yucheng Zhou


Medical computed tomography (CT) has been used in forestry science and the wood industry to explore the internal structures of trees in a non-destructive way. The wood material has great diversity in structure, density, and size. The software system for medical CT is not applicable to analyze and process sectional images of wood. In order to solve this problem, a CT imaging system, based on the principle of X-ray fan-beam scanning, was constructed for this study. The computer tomography technique was applied in the non-destructive testing of wood. Four kinds of representative specimens—laminated wood, multi knot logs, large diameter logs, and small diameter logs—were selected as scanned objects. The sinusoidal images and sectional images were reconstructed with scanning data. The results showed that the accuracy of CT images is determined by the information in the sinusoidal images, from which the shapes and locations of cracks and knots can be identified. The internal properties of wood in some tomography, such as the size, number, and location of cracks and knots, the number of tree rings, and the growth law of early wood and late wood can be visually observed. Finally, the feasibility and validity of the CT imaging system was tested as a non-destructive method for verifying the internal structures of wood.


Wood; CT technology; Nondestructive testing; Sinusoidal image; Sectional image

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