FexIKA Method Parameters Affecting Black Locust Heartwood Extraction Yield

Pavel Sablik, Kyriaki Giagli, Zuzana Paschová, Michal Oravec, Vladimír Gryc, Peter Rademacher


The influence of certain adjustable parameters (sample property, temperature, and solvent type) on the advanced fexIKA extraction outputs was determined. Extracts were obtained from black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) heartwood and analysed by high-performance liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry (HPLC-HRMS). The amount of extract yield remained similar, regardless of the wood particle size, whereas the total amount of phenolic compounds gradually decreased when the particle size increased. The highest amounts of extractives were obtained at higher temperatures, and at 170 and 200 °C, a significant influence from the temperature on the chemical composition was noticed. Namely, the phenol and robinetin yields increased, while the rest of the main phenolic compounds were degraded. Additionally, at higher temperatures (170 and 200 °C), two newly formed furfural compounds were detected.


Extractives; Relative permittivity; Phenolic compounds; Heat stress; HPLC-HRMS; Robinia pseudoacacia L.

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