Preparation and Properties of Coir-Based Substrate Bonded by Modified Urea Formaldehyde Resins for Seedlings

Ping Qu, Yun Cao, Guofeng Wu, Yuxin Tang, Liru Xia


In order to form a firm root plug for the mechanical transplantation, modified urea formaldehyde (UF) resins were applied to bond coir based substrate and form substrate blocks. The physical and chemical structure, thermal stability, and crystallinity of the substrate blocks before and after nursery seedlings were characterized. The results showed that the -NH2 and -OH in the substrate reacted with the modified UF resins to form macromolecular structures. There was almost no difference between the XRD spectra of substrate blocks before and after the growth of seedlings. The modified resins in the substrate block were cured in the form of colloidal particles. The substrate block contained 53.8 At% carbon, 15.0 At% nitrogen, and 23.5 At% oxygen. When compared with the original substrate, the height, stem diameter, root length, and leaf area of tomato seedlings grown in substrate block were improved by 56.1%, 43.3%, 1.3%, and 63.3%, respectively. The qualification percentage of the substrate block was 94.3%, which was well above that of the original substrate (83.4%) according to JB/T 10291 (2013) standards. The substrate block bonded by the modified UF resins was suitable for tomato seedlings growth.


Modified urea-formaldehyde resins; Substrate block; Tomato seedlings; Mechanical transplantation

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