Forces and Heat Variation Laws of Pine Materials Processing and Microcosmic Characteristics of Surface Damage

Xu Bao, Xiaolei Guo, Pingxiang Cao, Zhaolong Zhu, Minsi Deng


Pinus massoniana material was processed on a shaper in which a quartz three-component dynamometer and forward-looking infrared (FLIR) system were used to measure the cutting forces and cutting zone temperature, respectively. In addition, a high-speed camera and the FLIR systems were used to capture the chip formation process. Cutting forces and cutting zone temperature were measured under the cutting conditions of three different rake angles (25°, 40°, and 50°) and four different cutting depths (0.1 mm, 0.2 mm, 0.3 mm, and 0.5 mm), while feed speed was kept constant. Analysis of the experimental data and chip formation process showed that the cutting forces and cutting zone temperature of pine material were both decreased by increases of rake angle and increased by increases of cutting depth. Cutting forces were decreased under the cutting conditions of 0.3 mm cutting depth and rake angles of 40° and 50° due to the cleavage failure parallel to pine grain. The cutting temperature was not decreased under that cutting condition. The microcosmic characteristics of surface damage were mainly fiber burrs and fiber traces.


Chip formation process; FLIR images; Pine materials; Force variation; Heat variation; Surface damage

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