Properties of Thermally Treated Yellow Poplar, Southern Pine, and Eastern Redcedar

Onur Ulker, Fidan Aslanova, Salim Hiziroglu


Properties were evaluated for heat-treated yellow poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera), eastern redcedar (Juniperus virginiana), and southern pine (Pinus echinata) samples. Differences in discoloration, surface roughness, and hardness of the samples as a function of heat exposure were tested at temperature levels of 130 °C, 160 °C, and 190 °C. The experiments were carried out on defect-free eastern redcedar, yellow poplar, and southern pine samples with dimensions of 50 cm by 4 cm by 2 cm (longitudinal, radial, tangential) supplied by a local sawmill. A total of 80 samples, 20 for each temperature level, were used for the tests. Based on the findings, it appears that eastern redcedar specimens had the least discoloration values as compared to those of two other types of wood. In all cases, hardness values of the samples showed adverse influence of heat exposure. It seems that as temperature level increased, the surface quality of the samples from all three species was enhanced. All types of samples had significant discoloration as a result of heat treatment, and such findings were more prominent in the case of both pine and yellow poplar specimens. Overall hardness characteristics of the samples were adversely influenced due to heat exposure.


Heat treatment; Surface roughness characteristics; Discoloration; Janka hardness

Full Text:


Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022,; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, URLs:; ISSN: 1930-2126