Improved Interfacial Interaction between Wood and Styrene with the Help of Organically Modified Nanoclay

Md. Tipu Sultan, Md. Rezaur Rahman, Sinin Hamdan, Md. Faruk Hossen, Amaliah Binti Mazlan


Wood impregnated with styrene (ST) has a greater hydrophobicity than raw wood. Organically modified nanoclay can be used as a filler to increase the interfacial interaction between wood and ST. Raw wood shows an improved micro-structure, water uptake, modulus of rupture (MOR), modulus of elasticity (MOE), and thermal properties after impregnation with a mixture of i) non-branched organic ammonium-modified nanoclay (R-NH3+-clay) and ST; and ii) branched organic ammonium-modified nanoclay ((R)2N+(CH3)2-clay) and ST. Styrene with R-NH3+-clay-impregnated wood had a higher water uptake than the ST with (R)2N+(CH3)2-clay-impregnated wood. The MOE and MOR values of the ST with R-NH3+-clay-impregnated wood were higher than the ST with (R)2N+(CH3)2-clay-impregnated wood. Below 250 °C, the(R)2N+(CH3)2-clay with ST-impregnated wood had a greater thermal stability than the R-NH3+-clay with ST-impregnated wood.


ST; Nanoclay; Morphological properties; Water uptake; Mechanical properties

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