Structural Transformation of Lignin from Eucalyptus during Chlorine Dioxide Bleaching

Chengrong Qin, Lingzhi Huang, Quanfeng Lv, Shuangxi Nie, Shuangquan Yao


Enzymatic/mild acidolysis lignin was extracted from both unbleached and bleached eucalyptus pulp, and the difference in lignin structures was analyzed by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The unbleached pulp lignin was chlorinated with chlorine dioxide, and the mechanism of adsorbable organic halide (AOX) formation was investigated. Chlorinated reaction products were detected by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. There is a possibility of producing three different chlorobenzene or chlorophenol products from S/S lignin dimers that are connected with β-O-4 bonds. Based on quantum chemistry theory, three reaction pathways were investigated using molecular simulation techniques. The results showed that pathway 1 possessed the lowest reaction activation energy, which made it the most favored thermodynamically. The β-O-4 bond of the lignin dimer was cleaved. Following that scission, 2-chloro-3,5-dimethoxy-methyl benzene was the most likely product to be generated from the chlorination reaction of the syringyl unit. These results provide theoretical guidance for further reduction of AOX in chlorine dioxide bleaching.


Lignin; Chlorine dioxide; NMR; Chlorination reaction; Reaction pathway

Full Text:


Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022,; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, URLs:; ISSN: 1930-2126