Wood Perception in Daylit Interior Spaces: An Experimental Study Using Scale Models and Questionnaires

Geneviève Poirier, Claude M. H. Demers, André Potvin


This paper explores the impact of daylit wooden environments on human perception and well-being. Several studies have shown that the use of wood in furniture, interior surfaces, and decoration helps create warm, bright, and pleasant ambiences, enhancing psychological well-being and comfort when compared to other materials. The main objective of this research was to assess the effects of different colors, finish, and ratio of wooden surfaces combinations on human perception. More specifically, participants compared simultaneously five different interior wooden scale models of room environments under the natural light of the northern hemisphere in terms of their appreciation, visual comfort, and well-being. The survey involved 80 participants with an exploratory questionnaire in order to compare and classify the different models. Conclusions showed a preference for clear, bright, and warm models for cognitive and small-scale tasks. Darker models in terms of reflectance and lighting ambiences were the least preferred, especially for women.


Color; Wood; Visual perception; Scale model; Real sky; Daylighting; Ambience; Wood finish; Architecture; Environmental psychology

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