Design and Evaluation of Electrocoagulation System for the Treatment of Effluent from Recycled Paper Production

María Dolores Josefina Rodríguez-Rosales, Aldo Enrique Betancourt-Frías, Sergio Valle-Cervantes, Ana Maria Bailón-Salas, Marisol Gonzalez-Quiroga, Luis Alberto Ordaz-Díaz

Abstract


Effluent found in the pulp and paper industry can cause considerable damage if it is discharged untreated, because of the high biochemical and chemical oxygen demands. Electrocoagulation is a physicochemical process widely used in industrial wastewater treatment. The removal of different pollutants depends on the sample type and operating conditions. The aim of this research was to evaluate the efficiency of an electrocoagulation system for COD removal from recycled paper production effluent via aluminum and iron electrodes. Different operational parameters, such as the electrolysis time (5 min to 15 min), current density (7 A/m2 to 11 A/m2), and distance between each electrode (5 mm to 20 mm), were evaluated. The turbidity, total suspended solids, chlorides, sulfates, and COD had removal efficiencies of 92.7%, 91.3%, 70.4%, 66.6%, and 64%, respectively. A polynomial model was generated to estimate the optimum conditions for COD removal. The optimum times for the current densities 7 A/m2, 8 A/m2, 9 A/m2, 10 A/m2, and 11 A/m2 were 39.5 min, 39.5 min, 35.7 min, 34.1 min, and 32.8 min, respectively, with a 15-mm electrode gap.

Keywords


Electrocoagulation; Prototype; Recycled paper production; Wastewater

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