Structural Aspects on the Manufacturing of Cellulose Nanofibers from Wood Pulp Fibers

Carl Moser, Gunnar Henriksson, Mikael E. Lindström

Abstract


The exact mechanism behind the disintegration of chemical pulp fiber into cellulose nanofibers is poorly understood. In this study, samples were subjected to various homogenization cycles, indicating that the mechanism is a stepwise process. In the earlier stages of the mechanical process, a large amount of macrofibrils were created as the larger structures disappeared. Upon mechanical treatment these macrofibrils disappeared despite the increasing yield of cellulose nanofibers. The proposed model expands the understanding of the disintegration pathway and may provide additional insight as to how wood cells are converted into microfibrils.

Keywords


Cellulose; Nanofibers; Macrofibrils; Hierarchy

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