Synergetic Depolymerization of Aspen CEL by Pyranose 2-Oxidase and Lignin-degrading Peroxidases

Fangfang Wang, Feng Huang, Mingqiang Ai

Abstract


Three enzymatic treatments were compared for the depolymerization of cellulolytic enzyme lignin (CEL) from aspen; these systems used pyranose 2-oxidase and lignin-degrading peroxidases. The “P” system was mainly composed of pyranose 2-oxidase, lignin peroxidase (LiP), and manganese peroxidase (MnP). Catalase and vitamin C were added to the P system to decompose H2O2 to control the H2O2 concentration. The system to which catalase was added was called the “C” system. The system to which catalase and vitamin C were added together was called the “V” system. Ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectra of supernatants after aspen CEL treatment by the P, C, or V system was used to monitor the amount of water-soluble lignin fragments that were generated, which increased with system treatment time. A gel permeation chromatography (GPC) analysis showed that after 12 h of system treatment, the molecular weight (Mw) of CEL was efficiently lowered; the maximum Mw reduction of aspen CEL was 20% when compared to the blank and control runs. The residual enzymatic activity of the supernatant after the CEL treatment by the P, C, or V system indicated that MnP and LiP activity for lignin degradation was dependent upon the H2O2 concentration. Therefore, it is advised that MnP and LiP be applied separately for effective lignin degradation.

Keywords


Synergetic degradation; Lignin; Pyranose 2-oxidase; Lignin peroxidase; Manganese peroxidase

Full Text:

PDF


Welcome to BioResources! This online, peer-reviewed journal is devoted to the science and engineering of biomaterials and chemicals from lignocellulosic sources for new end uses and new capabilities. The editors of BioResources would be very happy to assist you during the process of submitting or reviewing articles. Please note that logging in is required in order to submit or review articles. Martin A. Hubbe, (919) 513-3022, hubbe@ncsu.edu; Lucian A. Lucia, (919) 515-7707, lucia-bioresources@ncsu.edu URLs: bioresourcesjournal.com; http://ncsu.edu/bioresources ISSN: 1930-2126